The Kamakura period refers to the period from 1192 to 1333. In this era Japanese samurai settled as the top leader of society. What era is it?
Middle ages, Kamakura period
- Before the Kamakura period aristocratic society
- Samurai will be the top leader of politics in the late Heian era
- During the Kamakura period, wonder the way power is
- Here is the reason why the Japanese are considered duplicates from foreign countries
- Perhaps the Kamakura period may be a big turning point even in Japan's history
Before the Kamakura period aristocratic society
It is called the Heian era before the Kamakura period. In this era, the aristocrats around the Emperor were the center of Japanese politics.
Samurai already existed in Japan during the Heian period. However, it was not such a power as to be the center of politics.
They were positioned as vigilante groups to protect the nobility's private property. The samurai was only a nobleman's private guard.
They still did not have the political power to overcome aristocracy and influence on society.
Samurai will be the top leader of politics in the late Heian era
In such a world, a samurai pushes away the aristocrats around the Emperor and takes over the political power. It is Kiyomori Tairano. However, his time was not long.
After taking control of political power, he will do the same thing that the nobles have done before. Rather than being a samurai's regime, it was a different administration that samurai became a noble family.
Samurais in all areas of Japan who expected a new era of samurai was disappointed.
There, a samurai appears to rebuild the era of samurai. It is Yoritomo Minamotono.
He is the man who opened the Kamakura shogunate. The era of samurai he opened up will last about 700 years.
During the Kamakura period, wonder the way power is
The Kamakura period began with reflections on the era of Heike. Firstly, the Kamakura shogunate is refusing delicately for the aristocratization of samurai.
It is said that the headquarters were located in Kamakura, far away from Kyoto, where the aristocratic society has not penetrated much.
However, during the Kamakura period, Yoritomo Minamotono opened, but the era of Genji clan does not last very long.
Yoritomo Minamotono was born in a house that should be the leader of Genji clan.
When the 3rd general Shogun Sanetomo Minamotono was assassinated, in fact the era of Genji clan is over.
On behalf of that, the Hojo clan towed the era. Hojo clan is the family of the same strain as Kiyomori Tairano who was the first Japanese samurai to take control of political power.
However, they dare to the Genji clan side to draft a samurai era. That effectively they take control of the later political power of the Kamakura period.
What happened to the general of the Kamakura shogunate?
The generals after the fourth generation are not even samurai. Two are Fujiwara-based Kujyo family aristocrats, and four others are royalty. Two-thirds of the successive generals of the Kamakura shogunate are royalty and nobility.
It is a mysterious era. The political power moves to the general of the Kamakura shogunate entrusted by the Emperor and from that general to the Hojo clan of his subordinates.
Here special special things in Japan will occur. I believe that the generals, the emperor and aristocrats are usually destroyed by the Hojo clan, but in Japan the emperor, aristocrat and generals will continue to exist.
The Hojo clan never completely eliminated them. However, they will fight a political struggle so that the general, the nobility, the emperor listen to what they say.
On the other hand, noble society including the royal family can not be murdered. Because we are taking samurai by sending generals to the shogunate who refused that much.
In this way, Japanese society will progress with the samurai society and aristocratic society fusing together with an exquisite balance.
Here is the reason why the Japanese are considered duplicates from foreign countries
People visiting Japan will find that there are various faces in Japan. Also, is not there some people who feel that opinions change immediately or are liars?
This is because Japanese society is a mixed society in which societies with various cultural history are fused together in a complicated way. I have various cultural history among every Japanese.
A face like a nobleman, a face like a samurai at one time, a face like a merchant at one time. That is why our opinions vary around the clock.
The same applies to urban areas. The background of urban formation is different between Kyoto, Tokyo, Kamakura and Osaka.
Kyoto is the center of nobility society.
Tokyo, Kamakura is the center of samurai society.
Osaka was the center of the economy that traditionally supplies logistics to aristocratic society.
Because other regions also form their own unique mix society, even Japanese babies do not get tired of it.
While being the same Japanese, there are areas that have completely different values.
Japanese people seem to behave similarly with similar appearance. In fact, I hope that overseas people know that it is an aggregate of people who do not have a collective sense of values.
Perhaps the Kamakura period may be a big turning point even in Japan's history
The Kamakura period has more important things. It is that Samurai society eroded in West Japan where noble society was central.
Until then, samurai society existed as a lower society of aristocratic society. Western Japan and Kyushu northernmost centering on Kyoto remained aristocratic as usual.
In eastern Japan, south Kyushu and so on it is gradually, but the samurai society has been emerging.
Meanwhile, during the Kamakura period, the samurai society penetrated throughout Japan and the world changes to a society as the image of "Japan is a country of samurai" thought by the people of the world.
The incident symbolizing this will be "Jokyu no ran(civil war)".
This incident is that the active emperor (precisely abdicate one month before the war) and the father's former emperor lost the war with the Hojo clan.
Almost almost the active emperor and the former emperor of that father are both major events to be distributed to Sado Island and Oki Island.
The other former emperor and former emperor's sons are also distributed. A large number of aristocrats are also in a similar sadness related to it.
Emperor Family, the nobility is a men 's subordinate who was swept away by the Hojo clan. This kind of thing is not seen in the history of the Emperor.
By doing this, by giving samurai a vested interest such as the exiled royal family, the lands of West Japan confiscated from the nobility, the samurai society also penetrated into western Japan.
If this samurai-centered society continues until Japan modernizes, you will see how much impact it has.
I think that in the Kamakura period, I can teach in more detail in the classroom of the school's history.
In my opinion, I believe that this big transition period is more impactful than Japan's modernization than the Edo period.