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List of emperors of the past in Japan

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Japan's Emperor Family crest

Japan has counted from the first generation Emperor of the 125's has existed.

There were emperors with various individualities such as assassinated people, obviously mentally disturbing people, empress, people who become emperor twice.

If you look at them one by one, you can learn about the history of Japan.

Every time I write an article I will attach a link to the name of the Emperor. There are as many as 125 emperors, so I do not know when it will end.

Prehistoric, Age of mythology - people's world -

Emperor passed down in tradition

There is no confirmation as history, real existence is not guaranteed.
Modern we can know by compiling the legend by oral tradition into an old document called "Nihon Shoki" or "Kojiki".

The contents of "Nihon Shoki" and "Kojiki" contain customs unique to the times that were made, and it is pointed out that the episodes of the old age include creator and mistakes of compilers.

It is an era that is appealing as the evaluation of facts changes as history and archeology progresses.

1 Jinmu BC
660?
The first Emperor. His grandfathers and others become famous Japanese "Kami" myths.It is characterized by being on the boundary between humans and Kami.

The concept of "Kami" in Japan is different from Christian god, Judaism Yahweh, Muslim Allah.
It is near to ancient Greek gods.

2 Suizei BC
581?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
"Kesshi-Hachidai" means eight generations who lack history.Even the "Nihon Shoki" and "Kojiki" which can be said to be the only historical materials are described less frequently and are said to be lacking in history.
3 Annei BC
548?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
4 Itoku BC
510?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
5 Kousho BC
475?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
6 Kouan BC
392?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
7 Kourei BC
290?
Kesshi-Hachidai.

A father of a person who is regarded as a model of "Momo - Taro" of the protagonist of a famous Japanese fairy tale.

8 Kougen BC
214?
Kesshi-Hachidai.
9 Kaika BC
157?
Kesshi-Hachidai.

Prehistoric, Ancient times, Tomp period

The kings of Yamato

It is said that Emperor Sujin existed from the research results of archeology and history.
Emperor Sujin may be a real emperor.

Also from around this time is the so-called Kofun period. There are various opinions as to when the construction of the ancient tomb has started, so it will be called "so-called".

From around this era, gradually we will head towards the establishment of a centralized state by Yamato.
Also, from Emperor Oujin to Emperor Yuryaku it is said to be the Emperor who falls under the "five kings of Wa", but it is not definite.

The Emperor is absent from the year 201 AD to 269. It was Empress Jingu who served as a leader for about 70 years.
In the past Empress Jingu was counted as the 15th Emperor, but in October 1926 it was excluded from successive emperors as official view.

10 Suzin BC
97
11 Suinin BC
29
12 Keikou 71
13 Seimu 131
14 Chuai 192
- Empress
Jingu
201 Emperor Chuai Empress and Emperor Oujin's mother.

Emperor Chuai's death will take over the duties of the Emperor as it is the Empress.

"Nihon Shoki", "Kojiki" The biggest heroine noted. 

15 Oujin 270
16 Nintoku 313
17 Richu 400
18 Hanzei 406
19 Ingyo 412
20 Ankou 454

Crisis of discontinuation of succession to the throne

The direct inheritance that has been continued from Emperor Buretsu of the first generation Emperor Jinmu will cease.
Actually there is a theory that change of dynasty occurred here, but it does not go beyond one area in the theory.

21 Yuryaku 456
22 Seinei 480
23 Kenzo 485
24 Ninken 488
25 Buretsu 498

Beginning of direct inheritance continuing to the present

Because direct inheritance ceased, Emperor Keitai, Emperor Oujin's fifth generation, descended from descendants of collateral.

Emperor Keitai did not even live in the capital when throne. He lived in Fukui prefecture now, so he will move to the capital over 19 years.

I can not imagine saying that in the 5 th generation, if you imagine that the famous samurai Masakado Tairano moved to the capital and become an emperor, you can see how much Emperor Buretsu was away from the direct line.

Direct inheritance from Emperor Keitai continues to the current Emperor.

Emperor Keitai is a different line from the line that continued from the first generation, and there is still a debate that the change of dynasty happened.
However, it is the official opinion that the succession to the throne continues from the beginning to the present.

26 Keitai 507
27 Ankan 531
28 Senka 536
29 Kinmei 539
30 Bidatsu 572
31 Youmei 585

Ancient times, Asuka period

The beginning of "Emperor's history "

Before Emperor Sushun, the older the age gets older, the more the emperor's birth and death, the year of serfence will not be clear.

This is because the year that years back 1260 from Emperor Suiko's era is the year when the first generation Emperor Jinmu crowned (660 BC).
For that reason, it is because there is a strong theory that Emperor Age before Emperor Sujin was decided by calculating from this figure.

It is from Emperor Suiko that the emperor 's birthday and death year and the year when it was committed are fixed.
It was also from the Emperor Suiko who upgraded to the Emperor from the king called "Oukimi".

The emperor who can be concluded clearly as history starts with Emperor Suiko.
Also, from the 32nd to the 49th, it was also an era when the female Emperor throne as if it were ordinary. Ten emperors in the 18th Emperor from the 32nd to the 49th are female Emperor.

It should be remarkable that more than half are female emperors should not be forgotten.

32 Sushun 587
33 Suiko 592
34 Jomei
35 Kougyoku
36 Koutoku
37 Saimei
38 Tenji
39 Koubun
40 Tenmu
41 Jitou
42 Monmu

Ancient times, Nara period

43 Genmei
44 Genshou 715
45 Shoumu
46 Kouken
47 Junnin
48 Shoutoku
49 Kounin

Ancient times, Middle ages, Heian period - initial -

50 Kanmu
51 Heizei
52 Saga
53 Junna
54 Ninmyou
55 Montoku

Middle ages, Heian period - medium term -

The beginning of the Sekkan politics. Emperor leaves from political power

Sekkan politics begins with the fact that childhood Emperor Seiwa has throne and that the non-royalty became regent.
The era begins when the emperor departs from political power from here like it is natural.

56 Seiwa
57 Youzei
58 Koukou
59 Uda
60 Daigo 930
61 Suzaku
62 Murakami
63 Reizei
64 Enyu
65 Kazan
66 Ichijo
67 Sanjo
68 Go-ichijo
69 Go-suzaku
70 Go-reizei

Middle ages, Heian period - late stage -

The end of "Sekkan politics". Emperor's direct political "Insei" begins

To be exact, Emperor Go-sanjo has not done "Insei" as Joko.
However, "Insei" became possible only after the political reform of Emperor Go-sanjo. From this, he will be the creator of "Insei".

71 Go-sanjo 1068 Founder of "Insei" who reformed the depravity of "Sekkan politics" centered on the Fujiwara clan.
72 Shirakawa 1073 A great politician who reigned over the three Emperor Horikawa, Toba, Sutoku and executed "Insei".
73 Horikawa 1087 A poet hid under the great presence of his father.
74 Toba 1107 A man full of inferiority complex that was impressed by grandfather's Emperor Shirakawa to concubine.
75 Sutoku 1123 It is hated because the father's emperor Toba is indeed a son of a great-grandfather's emperor Shirakawa. And finally it becomes a demon king.
76 Konoe 1142 Involved in power struggle and could not leave anything because died at the age of 17.
77 Go-shirakawa 1155 A great politician who fought equally with two of the leading samurai, Kiyomori Taira-no Yoritomo Minamoto-no.
78 Nijo 1158 A frank man who fought against his father 's Emperor Go - shirakawa.
79 Rokujo 1165 He reigned to the Emperor at the youngest ever (7 months old), becoming "Joko" at the youngest (5 years old) in history.
80 Takakura 1168 Although throne with Go-shirakawa-in and Kiyomori Taira-no boost, it is confused by the confrontation between the two guardians and can not show its presence.
81 Antoku 1180 By Heike, as an emperor for Heike, it will be crowned. However, it is abandoned by the tide of the world.
82 Go-toba 1183 A man who practically executed the last "Insei". Having a talent that is unique to both art and warrior, it conflicts with the Kamakura shogunate.

The beginning when the chrysanthemum became the crest of the Japanese Emperor.

83 Tsuchimikado 1198 Caught in conflict between the father's Go-toba-in and the Kamakura shogunate and is exiled.
84 Juntoku 1210 Abdicated the Emperor in order to help the father's Go-toba-in against the Kamakura Shogunate, but he was defeated easily and was exiled.
85 Chukyo

Middle ages, Kamakura period

The samurai regime begins. About 800 years, the Emperor keeps getting away from political power.

To be precise, the Kamakura period began in 1192 and comes from Emperor Go-toba.
However, at this point Kamakura Samurai did not grasp the whole of Japan. It is after the civil war called "Jokyu no ran" in 1121 which took full control.

Here, after the "Jokyu no ran", called the Kamakura era from the era of Emperor Go-horikawa which took the lead under the initiative of the Kamakura Shogunate.

86 Go-horikawa
87 Shijo
88 Go-saga
89 Go-fukakusa
90 Kameyama
91 Go-uda
92 Fushimi
93 Go-fushimi
94 Go-nijo
95 Hanazono

Middle ages, Muromachi period

In an unusual situation where politics is confused and the two emperors exist

Emperor Go-daigo loses to the Muromachi shogunate, the court is confused and divided into two, and there are two emperors at the same time it is an unusual situation.

96 Go-daigo
97 Go-murakami Northern 1th Kougon
98 Chokei Northern 2th Koumyou
99 Go-kameyama Northern 3th Suko
100 Go-komatsu Northern 4th Go-kougon
101 Shokou Northern 5th Go-enyu
102 Go-hanazono

Middle ages, Sengoku period (Civil war era)

The fiscal budget fails and rituals can not be done. The whole of Japan is confused.

With the largest civil warfare "Ounin no ran", the security of Japan becomes overwhelmingly unstable and the war comes into constant era.

This era is the most difficult times for the court. Because each samurai ruled the territory in each place, the tax will not be gathered stably to the Emperor, and the fiscal situation will be broken.

It was such an important ritual could not be done. This pains will continue until a major samurai, Nobunaga Oda, starts supporting.

103 Go-Tsuchimikado
104 Go-kashiwabara
105 Go-nara
106 Oogimachi

The early modern period, Edo period

The Tokugawa shogunate is completely pressed down, but the presence gradually increases

The Emperor is totally deprived of the political power by the Tokugawa shogunate and suppressed by the law.
However, every time the Tokugawa shogunate is misdemeaned, the voices calling for the Emperor to grow up become bigger, and the presence increases.

This energy is the power of modernization in Japan.

107 Go-youzei
108 Go-mizuo
109 Meisho
110 Go-koumyou
111 Go-sai
112 Reigen
113 Higashiyama
114 Nakamikado
115 Sakuramachi
116 Momozono
117 Go-sakuramachi
118 Go-momozono
119 Koukaku
120 Ninkou
121 Koumei

Modern times, Meiji period

The first experience requiring coordination with modern thought

The existence of the Emperor is incompatible with modern thought. Japan got to "symbol of national integration" as its answer.

I do not know if this answer is correct or not. This question is an issue that Japanese people will keep thinking forever.

122 Meiji
123 Taisho
124 Showa
125 Kinjo

 

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