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"Joko" is honorary title of the emperor who retired after giving up the throne. When Joko becomes a Buddhist, he changes from Joko to the honorary title "Ho-o".

"Joko" reminds us of the era of "Insei", but it continues as an institution from the 7th century to the present.

On May 1, 2019, the emperor Kinjo will become Joko, so it will be familiar to us.

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