There is the Heian era in the era of Japanese ancient times to the Middle Ages. What era is it?
The period from 794 to 1192 is called the Heian era in Japan. This calls me because the emperor took over as the capital of Heian-kyo.
Since the samurai government was established in 1192, I interpret it as a change of time.
In Japan this period is divided into an era from ancient times to medieval times.
Ancient times, Middle ages, Heian period - initial -
Japan before the Heian period was struggling to remodel the state in order to socialize equally with China, one of the world's strongest and the most advanced countries of the time.
It is a centralized state centered on the Emperor. Moreover, it also developed as a nation state such as the establishment of law and government level.
And by achieving the goal of reaching equal opportunity with China through today's unlikely adventurous diplomatic negotiations.
Then, transfer the capital to Heian-kyo, Japan will be in a stable period just as newly reborn. The Heian period begins here.
The rise of Fujiwara clan
Kamatari Fujiwara is a person who has greatly contributed to the construction of a new state. During the Heian period, the descendants of this person were prosperous.
Throughout the Heian period, it will occupy most of the political power. It is also called Fujiwara clan.
This is a typical political system of the Heian era.
Middle ages, Heian period - medium term -
Middle ages, Heian period - late stage -
The rise of samurai
Over the course of 200 years after the Heian era aged deterioration begins. First of all, domineering of Fujiwara clan is outstanding. It was enough to put pressure on the national finances.
Therefore, the 71st Emperor Go-sanjo will carry out reform. So we succeed in greatly reducing the power of Fujiwara clan. And I will leave the continuation of the reform to his son, the 72nd Emperor Shirakawa.
Emperor Shirakawa will start Insei to regain the emperor-centered politics. This is a political system that does not rely on the power of Fujiwara clan.
In this system, the power of samurai was indispensable. In those days samurais were still bodyguards of aristocrats, powerful clans, and there were no political forces.
Emperor Shirakawa raises samurai to the center of politics by leaving that guard to powerful samurai. Here the samurai got the opportunity to participate in politics.
Since then, Sekkan politics has ended, Insei becomes the central system of politics.
And in that Insei the samurai began steadily putting strength and in 1192 the first samurai regime in Japan is born. The Heian era is over here.
During the Heian period, it was an era centered on the aristocratic Fujiwara clan.